How to Vote in Australian Elections from Overseas
If you’re an Australian citizen, voting in elections is normally compulsory. But what if you’re overseas on election day?
The good news is that it’s possible (and relatively easy) to vote in Australian elections from overseas if you want to. However, being overseas is also a valid excuse not to vote.
Registering as an overseas voter
If you’re going to be overseas during an election, you should complete an overseas notification form with the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC).
Living overseas temporarily
If you’re only planning to travel or live overseas for up to 6 years, you can notify the AEC that you’ll be temporarily absent from Australia. In this case, your name will remain on the electoral roll in the electorate where you last lived in Australia.
When notifying the electoral commission of your overseas travel, you’ll also have the option to register as a postal voter. This means you’ll be sent a postal ballot to your nominated overseas address whenever an election is called in Australia.
When you register as an overseas voter, the AEC will also pass on this information to your state-based electoral authority which is responsible for state and local government elections.
Although you can still vote in Australian elections if you are registered as being overseas, you will not receive a fine if you do not vote during that time. Being overseas during an election is a valid excuse for not voting, but you must notify the AEC.
Leaving Australia permanently
If you are intending to leave Australia permanently, or remain living overseas for more than 6 years, you can ask to have your details removed from the electoral roll. You will not be able to vote while you are not registered on the electoral roll, but you can re-enrol if you return to live in Australia.
How to vote in Australian federal elections while overseas
If you’re registered as an overseas postal voter, you should receive a ballot in the mail when there is an election. Simply complete the form and mail back to Australia by the deadline to ensure your vote is counted.
Alternatively, you can vote in federal elections at most Australian embassies, consulates and high commissions. I have done this a couple of times, and found the process easy and efficient.
At some overseas embassies, such as the Australian embassy in Berlin, Germany, you can even get your “democracy sausage” fix while voting! (Yes, they came with grilled onions. And yes, the funds raised were donated to a local school!)
If you happen to be in Australia in the weeks before election day, you could also vote early at pre-polling centres.
The Australian government’s Smartraveller website has more information about this.
How to vote in state & local council elections while overseas
It’s not generally possible to vote at overseas Australian embassies in state and local government elections. But there are other possibilities.
If you’ve registered as an overseas postal voter, you should also receive postal voting material in the mail whenever there is a state or council election. If you normally live in WA, SA, TAS or NT, this is the only way to vote while overseas.
If you normally live in another state or territory, there are additional options:
- NSW – You can vote online or over the phone in state elections using the iVote service, but only postal voting is available for local council elections
- VIC – For state elections (only), you may be able to vote in-person at overseas early voting centres in key international locations such as London
- QLD – You may be eligible for telephone voting in state elections
- ACT – You can vote online using the ACT government’s e-voting service